The smoke and mirrors of the gender pay gap
Stephen Frost, June 08, 2018
While there has been a lot of noise around the gender pay gap and inclusivity, the danger is that this noise is lulling us into a false sense of security
With more than 10,000 companies’ gender pay gaps having been made public knowledge, we have been conducting our own research to work out whether the ‘noise’ from inclusion awards is really making a difference. We looked at the actual gender pay gaps that were revealed by Catalyst Group Award Winners for the last 10 years, the Glassdoor Top 50 in the UK, and The Times' Top 50 Employers for Women 2017, and the results were quite surprising.
Are gender inclusion awards masking the problem?
For each of the three awards many of the companies applauded for their efforts towards driving gender equality actually have surprisingly big gender pay gaps. In fact, the majority of the companies in the three awards had gender pay gaps that were actually worse than the UK average.
Here are the percentages of the awardees that did report a pay gap better than the national average:
- Glassdoor Top 50: 26% achieved a better gender pay gap than the national average.
- Catalyst Award winners in the last 10 years: 18% achieved a better gender pay gap than the national average.
- The Times' Top 50 Employers for Women 2017: 7% had a better gender pay gap than the national average.
So how do we ‘fix’ it?
Executives often focus on trying to ‘fix’ female under-representation by hiring more women. This is problematic as it doesn’t consider the male-dominated environment these women will have to succeed in.
The fix for female under-representation is often designed by men, or by women operating in male-dominated environments, and often concerns training women to succeed within that male-dominated environment. So their idea of leadership is often male, which doesn’t do much for diversity.
The fix involves courses, programmes, initiatives, events, panel discussions, coaching, and mentoring. These can all be helpful and they do have a place. But the real problem isn’t so much the women (if they are allowed to be their unique diverse selves), it’s the male-dominated systems. Brilliant people are currently busy prioritising the wrong thing. The rabbit hole of women’s programmes and schemes is distracting us from the cultural problem existing in business.
Creating a company culture for an inclusive future
Companies can say they want women, but the real test is in whether this is a fix or a strategic cultural priority. Do they walk the talk? If they say they do but their business model is still resistant to flexible working do they really? If they say they do but all the female promotions are extroverted characters that better fit in with the men, then do they really?
There is a catalytic effect of male-dominated cultures attracting more men because they have to adapt less and can fit in more easily. They unconsciously benefit from network effects. For example, men are more likely to be promoted and more likely to stay in finance jobs, especially at senior levels. Financial companies often feel male – macho brand positioning, alpha trading floors, and cavernous receptions are all projections of power.
One of the reasons women are less likely to be promoted is because they are less self-promoting. This is not a deficiency. We know from studies that, while men are likely to put themselves forward for a promotion when they can do 50% of the job description, women typically wait until they can do 90% of it before putting their hands up. And the main reason they are more likely to leave is culture.
In other words, it’s inclusion that drives diversity not the other way around. It’s culture that determines the diversity numbers. You can’t fix culture, you have to build it. The ‘fix’ then follows.
Stephen Frost is an author and the founder of consultancy f(i)